Food & Cuisine of Indonesia - Rice is the staple food in most parts of Indonesia though some variation is found in some of the islands in eastern Indonesia where staple food ranges from corn, sago, cassava to sweet potatoes. But things are changing fast and here also rice is catching them up in popularity. Nasi goreng (fried rice), mie goreng (fried noodles) and gado-gado (vegetables topped with peanut sauce and sliced boiled egg) are some of the typical Indonesian dishes.
As Indonesia is an archipelago, fish is one of the favorite food items
and various types of fish feature prominently in the diet. Seafood is
found in abundance and has great variety such as lobster, oyster,
prawns, shrimp, squid, crab, etc. Coconut is ubiquitously available and
apart from being used as cooking oil its milk and pulp is used as an
ingredient in many dishes. Beef and chicken are widely available; pork
is only found in Chinese restaurants or in non-Muslim regions. Coconut,
chilli, soy sauce and peanut sauce are common flavourings.
Some of the major fruits found in Indonesia are jackfruit, durian,
starfruit, papaya, pineapple and mango.
Besides traditional Indonesian food, Chinese and Continental dishes are
also hugely popular in Indonesia. Many popular fast food joints have
also established their chains in major cities of Indonesia.